Also known as Common Sole, Moses Sole, Red Sea Flatfish, Red Sea Moses, Speckled Sole.
Found singly over shallow mud and sand bottoms of coastal reefs.
They feed on small benthic invertebrates.
Length - 20m
Depth - 1-15cm
Widespread Western Indian Ocean
Flatfish, Soles and Flounders are placed in their families by location of their eyes. Their are both left eye and right eye dominant families.
Flatfish bury themselves in sand to hide from predators and use their eyes as periscopes as these can rotate 180 degrees.
During pelagic larval stage these fish are not flat but become so as they grow, their bodies flatten, and one eye migrates across the head next to the other eye.
Some soles also have poisonous glands along the base of their anal and Dorsal Fins. Ref: https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Pardachirus-marmoratus